These gemstones are usually thought to have a deep blue coloration, but sapphires can actually be found in many different colors. Trace amounts of other elements, like chromium, copper, magnesium, iron, and titanium, can give the stones yellow, purple, orange, or green coloration instead. Read More…

Sapphire Machining The same basic process that is used to diamond ground any dense alumina oxide material is used in sapphire machining. Sapphire is an anisotropic, rhombohedral crystal form of aluminum oxide.

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Quakertown, PA  |  215-536-3500

Insaco provides custom grinding and machining services to fabricate precision parts from sapphire, quartz, and most technical ceramics including alumina, zirconia, silicon carbide, silicon nitride, aluminum nitride, and others. Engineers are available to discuss material options/alternative recommendations, as well as design concepts to help our customers minimize fabrication costs. Since 1947 Insaco has enjoyed an extremely strong reputation for reliably meeting the toughest grinding and machining requirements in working with these difficult materials.

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Insaco Inc. $$$

Myrtle Beach, SC  |  609-397-8330, 609-397-8341

As a manufacturer and stocking distributor of industrial and technical ceramics, LSP carries the most diversified inventory of ceramic tubes, spacers, bushings, etc. in the industry. Our teams aim to exceed your expectations and our high performance solutions are very cost efficient. If you have any questions then feel free to visit our website or give us a call today!

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LSP Industrial Ceramics, Inc. $$$

Fremont, CA  |  510-249-9700

Years of experience have created unique specializations and expertise of our engineering and product consultation team. Applied Ceramics has a proven track record in creating the highest quality products for semiconductor processing equipment, automotive ceramics, cutting tools and many other industrial ceramics. We’ve machined products for industries such as aerospace/aviation, medical, nuclear, and more, but can produce products from high-end materials for all relevant enterprises.

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Applied Ceramics $$$
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Chromium impurities give sapphires a red tint, and these sapphires are usually called rubies. Sapphires can be mined in many locations around the world, including Thailand, China, Madagascar, North America, and East Africa.

However, sapphires can also be created synthetically. The ability to manufacture sapphires has made this material more available for use in industrial and scientific applications.

Sapphire Machining Sapphire Machining – LSP Industrial Ceramics, Inc.

Industrial sapphire is made by melting aluminum oxide and then promoting crystal growth with a seed and by carefully controlling the environmental factors. Different seed materials and environmental factors result in varying sizes, qualities, costs, and shapes.

These shapes can include ribbons, tubes, or rod-like boules which are then machined into more easily employed sizes and shapes. The material does tend to chip somewhat easier than alumina, but applying the correct grinding procedure and technique will easily avoid this.

Sapphires have several important qualities that make them especially useful in industrial settings. For example, sapphires exhibit a hardness of 9 on the Mohs scale, which makes it the third hardest mineral.

It is also birefringent, an “optical refractive property which offsets wave transmission up to 0.8% at right angles to the optic axis.” Therefore, this mineral is commonly used in optical components, like lasers, in durable, shatter resistant glasses, and in substrates for semiconducting circuits.

Sapphire Machining Informational Video

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